This is an excellent edition of "A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies." Juan Friede and Benjamin Keen. In 1511 an almost unknown Dominican friar named Antonio de Montesinos preached a sermon in the colonial capital of Santo Domingo (in present-day Dominican Republic). Widford, Hertfordshire, England Brief Account of the Devastation of the Indies. A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies. In retrospect, however, Las Casas was hardly a failure. Thus, he implores the Spanish Crown to order an end to the bloodshed before it is too late. Las Casas’s reply was equally simple; but, in the process of making it, he advanced a number of ideas that were remarkably progressive, and all but unspeakably radical for his time. His extensive writings, the most famous being A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies and Historia de Las Indias, chronicle the first decades of colonization of the West Indies and focus particularly on the atrocities committed by the colonizers against the indigenous peoples. 4-5 pages) with a THESIS STATEMENT and ARGUMENT based on A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies. He wrote A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies in 1542, a shocking catalogue of mass slaughter, torture and slavery, which showed that the evangelizing vision of Columbus had descended under later conquistadors into genocide. Bartolomé de las Casas (1544-1550) was a 16th-century Spanish friar, priest, landowner and bishop who is famed as an historian and social reformer. Las Casas reports the speech as follows: “They have a God whom they worship and adore, and it is in order to get that God from us so that they can worship Him that they conquer us and kill us.” He had beside him as he spoke a basket filled with gold jewelry and he said, “Here is the God of the Christians …Mark you: if we keep this God about us, they will kill us in order to get their hands on him. This was not a debate in modern terms: the two men were never in the same room at the same time. The New Laws “revoked or limited the right of the Spaniards to service and tribute from Indians, who would ultimately be put under the crown and administered by paid royal officials” (Hanke, p. 83). Las Casas's goals were to inform Spain's ruler—the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V (1500–58), also known as King Charles I—about the abuses and to call for reform. Even today, as much of Latin America struggles with the long after-effects of colonialism, he is cited in this regard. EMBED EMBED (for wordpress ... A short account of the destruction of the Indies by Casas, Bartolomé de las, 1484-1566. Pop Quiz How does Las Casas' describe the Spanish Colonists? The purpose of the expeditions was primarily to convert the natives to Christianity and save them from eternal damnation. Most of the time they were too welcoming and were eaten out of their homes. Deeds, Susan M. “Indigenous Responses to Mission Settlement in Nueva Vizcaya.” In The New Latin American Mission History. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. In the following year a great many Spaniards went there with the intention of settling the land. They took turns, several months apart, presenting their cases to a panel of judges, and then replying to a summary of the other’s arguments. A Brief Account of the Destruction of the by Bartolome de las Casas The Project Gutenberg EBook of A Brief Account of the Destruction of the Indies, by Bartolome de las Casas This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever. A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies: Casas, Bartolomé de las: 9781539797722: Books - Amazon.ca Clearly one cannot prove in a short time or with a few words to infidels, especially the Indians, that to sacrifice men to God is contrary to nature; consequently neither anthropophagy nor human sacrifice constitutes just cause for making war… . Las Casas does not doubt that the Spaniards deserve to possess the New World. Queen Isabella of Spain (1451–1504) considered the natives of the Americas, from the start of Spanish colonization, as free vassals with cert…, Encomienda, the right to control the labor of and collect tribute from an Indian community, granted to subjects, especially the first conquerors and…, Columbus, Christopher McAllister, Lyle N. Spain and Portugal in the New World, 1492-1700. A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies from, Order our A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies Study Guide, Chapter 3 & 4 The Islands of Puerto Rico and Jamaica & Cuba, Chapter 7 & 8 New Spain & New Spain Continued, Chapter 9 & 10 The Province and Kingdom of Guatemala & New Spain Panuco and Jalisco, Chapter 12 & 13 The Province of Santa Marta & The Province of Cartagena, Chapter 14 The Pearl Coast, Paria, and Trinidad, Chapter 15 & 16 The River Yuyaparí & The Kingdom of Venezuela, Chapter 17 & 18 The Mainland in the Region known as Florida & The River Plate, Chapter 19 The Great Kingdoms and Provinces known as Peru, teaching or studying A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies. https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/culture-magazines/short-account-destruction-indies, "A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies The Native Americans, they argued, were slaves by nature; the only way for Spaniards to convert them was to drag them forcibly from their own sloth. The massacres that accompanied the conquest of Cuba haunted Las Casas; and although he treated his slaves well, he was troubled by the severity of his fellow encomenderos. Those that were not killed were taken as slaves and sold in Peru and Hispaniola where they got the best prices for them. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates. Roxbury, Massachusetts What was Las Casas' purpose for writing? Any native who resists can be killed or enslaved. A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies (Spanish: Brevísima relación de la destrucción de las Indias) is an account written by the Spanish Dominican friar Bartolomé de las Casas in 1542 (published in 1552) about the torture, mistreatment and genocide of the Indigenous Peoples of the Americas in colonial times. Thus, in terms of colonial organization, the New Laws were intended to abolish the encomienda system. In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. He wrote A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies in 1542, a shocking catalogue of mass slaughter, torture and slavery, which showed that the evangelizing vision of Columbus had descended under later conquistadors into genocide. The soldiers actually used this hospitality as an advantage to pillage the cities and villages since they were faced with less opposition. However, the mere injustice that occurred with the lives of innocent people was not enough to spur the nobles in Spain to action. A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies Research Paper ... A brief Destruction of the Indies Bartolome' De Las Casas stated that "those who have traveled to this part of the world pretending to be Christians have uprooted these pitiful peoples and wiped them from the face of the earth (Las Casas, 12). By Bartoleme de Las Casas. He reports that Spaniards would often crowd a house with the leaders of a tribe, on the pretext of a feast, and then set the house on fire, hacking to death anyone who attempted to escape. The theory of the Leyenda Negra was developed by Spanish historians early in this century; invariably, they pointed to Las Casas as the first and most important figure in the creation of the legend. Account & Lists Account Returns & Orders. All of his more rarefied philosophical arguments boiled down to the belief that the natives were “homunculi in whom hardly a vestige of humanity remains … pigs with their eyes always fixed on the ground” (Sepúlveda in Las Casas, p. xxviii). Hatuey’s assumption, based on the behavior of the Spanish, was that they worshipped gold as a god and wanted to take his tribe’s gold so that they could have more to worship. Though they never gave any real reason for the lack of concern for not carrying out their mission of converting the natives, it can be assumed that it was due to money. This led to the creation of encomiendas: large estates whose land was owned by the Crown, but whose peoples were entrusted to a colonist, the encomendero. Thus, he would have been dismayed to learn that his Short Account became the critical document in the Leyendo Negro, the Black Legend. Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible orders. But this authority is based on the fact that the Spanish are Christians, and thus the authority must be exercised in a Christian way. He gave orders that his final book (a critical history of Spain in the New World) not be published until 40 years after his death, and then only if its publication would not harm Spain in any way. This was a country in which a powerful, politically vital fleet was held in port for weeks while lawyers drafted the Requerimiento; a country in which the court would listen to the most subtle philosophical and religious arguments for days on end. The account acts as not only an observation on the practices of the colonizers, but is also a reflection of the imperial policies of the Spanish Empire. He admits that cannibalism and human sacrifice exist, although he denies their prevalence; but he also argues that even these horrendous practices do not justify slaughter. The Spaniards massacred millions of natives as a result, raping women and killing innocent children and infants along the way. Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. They are chained around the neck; when a slave collapses, unable to work anymore, he is instantly beheaded so that the chain need not be broken. De Las Casas' commitment to saving the natives and to uncovering the truth of the conquest of the New World is astounding. Although it had little practical effect on Spain’s policies, the debate stands as a cultural and historical lightning rod. Check system status. It had been read to the King in 1542, but apparently the friar now came to realize that it needed a wider audience. Both sides claimed victory; although, inasmuch as Sepulveda’s book was never licensed, he was perhaps the loser. Write a short paper (1350-1600 words, approx. Your paper will be a response to one of the following questions, with your answer serving as your thesis statement. Gibson, Charles. A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies (Book) Book Details. Here he follows a pattern common to many chroniclers and propagandists of the time: he exaggerates details to create the image of a utopia in the New World. Spain, eage… In the case of the second settlement (called Verapaz), the missionaries started out well, but the natives in their sphere were attacked by a band of soldiers. Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible orders. Although the encomienda system was crippled in the long run, in Las Casas’s time the slaveowners were the ones who won. Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Twice, in 1521 and from 1545 to 1560, he attempted to establish peaceful, noncoercive settlements of natives and priests; these efforts eventually succumbed to the violence and turbulence of the world outside. Questioned native practices that foreshadows the cultural relativism of modern Times their homes of Cuba in 1512, and the... Any case, his book, are noteworthy European conception of the Destruction the. 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