1, 4, etc.) Death is the judgment or sentence passed on all men (Sirach 14:17 = Genesis 2:17; Genesis 3:19). Either this preaching in Hades is identified with the preaching mentioned in 1 Peter 3:19; in which case it is open to the objections already taken to the theory of a presentation of the Gospel, by the disembodied or quickened Redeemer, to the souls of the disobedient of Noah’s time in Hades. His idea of this judgment is rather of a âjudgmentâ such as took place in the days of Noe, a great crisis (the Greek word for âjudgmentâ) or world-wide catastrophe, which, of course, cannot harm the just, but only the unjust. he proves by contrasting âbut may live in spiritâ rather than âbe savedâ or âjustified.â (3) It is next to be considered what date we are to fix for this judgment of the flesh. Neither is this verse clear, nor the majority of texts dealing with this subject. It there means certainly a judicial punishment, or even judicial destruction. Oecumenius rightly condemns the view, which adds in trespasses and sins or takes dead in a figurative sense, despite the authority of e.g., Augustine (Ep., 164, Â§Â§ 1â18).— , the Gospel was preached, the impersonal passive leaves the way open for the development of this belief according to which not Christ only but also the Apostles preached to the dead. The two things have something like this relation to each other—‘in order that, though once judged indeed, as other men are, as regards the flesh, they might, as regards the spirit, have an enduring life such as God lives.’ The terms ‘in the flesh,’ ‘in the spirit,’ are used here as in 1 Peter 3:19. i dont think that you understand the verse in the context it was written. [Note: E.g, Barclay, p295.] He too had been judged according to men in the flesh (1 Peter 3:18), after which He had been ‘made alive in the spirit’ (1 Peter 3:18). Thank you. His reference to the judgment of the dead raised a question that puzzled many early Christians concerning the position of believers who had died before the expected coming of Christ (compare 1 Thessalonians 4:13). Subjection to this judgment, however, merely qualifies the proper object of the preaching. I have been reading a lot about the Mormon doctrine of ‘baptism for the dead’ and was looking for various explanations for the verses they cite to espouse their teaching. Unbelievers viewed their death as proof that there is no advantage of becoming a believer because everyone without exception dies. In Romans 1 people "supress" the truth (Greek: hold down) "in unrighteousness." In the United States, the American Dream is often proclaimed as if it were gospel: anyone who works hard and makes good choices can be happy and successful. The end of all things is at hand; therefore be self-controlled and sober-minded for the sake of your prayers.” 1. Also, 3:19 does not refer to preaching the gospel whatsoever but to a âproclamationâ of triumph over demonic spirits (see my study on that verse). What does 1 Peter 4:6 mean? The preaching was done by human beings, not by Christ. God"s day is to come. also 1 Peter 2:18; 1 Peter 3:1; 1 Peter 3:7; 1 Peter 3:9; 1 Peter 3:15-16.) This is the only time when preaching is effective â when we are alive physically on earth. Thanks and God bless you Dr. Grant ! If, with many commentators, we understand these difficult words of those who have been persecuted, especially those who have suffered martyrdom for Christ’s sake, the meaning will be, that they might, after the example of their Master, be judged according to men-suffer in accordance with the judgement of men-, in the flesh; but live according to God; in accordance with God’s will and divine power. First Peter 4:6-7 “For this is why the gospel was preached even to those who are dead, that though judged in the flesh the way people are, they might live in the spirit the way God does. So the main point of Peter saying that is to boost the moral of suffering believers seeing the brothers and sisters dying for the beliefs ; yes, they may be judged by men and put to dead in their bodies but for God they are living in his spiritual realm because God is not the God of the dead but of the living, like Jesus said. We ‘follow in His steps’ (1 Peter 2:21). See my study of 3:18 to the end of the chapter. Peter deals here with the historical past. The argument here is that they should persevere because God will judge the lost (v. 5). And that will be so for all who follow Him. Peter wants to encourage Christians who are suffering for Christ.Although Christians might suffer in this life, they will not suffer for ever.This world is not their real home. Lesson Plans for 1 Peter Bible Study. Is there a gospel of the second chance? But if the grace of Christ once penetrated to the dead, there is no doubt but that we shall partake of it when dead. ... 1 Peter 4:6. App-101. [Note: See Millard J. Erickson, "Is There Opportunity for Salvation after Death?" It seems an objection, that the gospel had been preached to them for this end, that they might be condemned to die by wicked men; but this had been expressly stated before, in 1 Peter 2:21 : âFor even hereunto, (that is, suffering, mentioned in the former verse) were ye called;â or, âFor to this end ye have been called.â Then Christ in his suffering is mentioned as one whom they ought to follow. If this is the case, then, pretty obviously, St. Peter is carrying us back to his teaching of 1 Peter 3:19, and is explaining further the purpose of Christâs descent into hell. The aorist shows its cessation. Having read what Peter writes in I Peter 3:19, many have assumed that the "dead" in I Peter 4:6 are the souls of dead people who are "lost" in terms of salvation. Chris, if there is an unclear passage before us then we chose two rules of interpretation that clarifies the problem passage: 1) what does the majority of texts speak the the issue in the problem passage and 2) what do the clearer passage speak to the problem. , that is, as surely, and upon the same righteous principles, as they will be who are living at his advent. We think, moreover, that judged, in both verses, must refer to the same judge and the same judgment-day. The dead Christians of verse six had the gospel preached to them while alive on earth (aorist tense; indicative mood). For this cause. Fanning, p448.]. The judgment is imminent because all necessary preliminaries have been accomplished. Moreover, it could hardly encourage Peterâs persecuted readers to persevere as Christians in the hard path of obedience if the easy road to debauchery could all be renounced and forgiven after they died.â (Grudem p. 172) In addition, many other passages would contradict such a concept (Luke 16:26; Hebrews 9:26-28; Matthew 25:10-13). Steve, it appears that you do not follow your own “rules” of the hermeneutics of which you yourself assert. Listen to Pastor Robert Furrow as he continues his Commentary on the book of 1 Peter picking up today in chapter 4, verse 7. Some people have incorrectly understood this verse as teaching that after a person dies he or she will have a second chance to believe the gospel. Would you like to come alive, spiritually? We reject the view of Alford and others that the reference is to a preaching of the gospel to men after death, which is nowhere taught in Scripture, and contradicts its whole tenor. One day they willlive with God in heaven and share God’s *glory. Why did not St. Paul say, âTo deliver such an one to Satan for the destruction of the flesh, that he may be saved in the day of the Lord Jesus?â and St. Peter, âFor this cause was the gospel preached to the dead also, that though judged indeed in flesh, they might, after all, live according to God?â And what is the point of this dread warning, if in the end these Antediluvians attain to the same bliss, âboth in body and soul,â as other men? For the reason that is about to be stated. Supply "the will of". They would thus be sentenced âaccording to men,â i.e., from a human point of view: they would be unable to take their place again among the glorified human species in a human life; but still they would be alive âaccording to God,â from Godâs point of viewâa divine life, but âin the spiritâ only. The Bible says that the gospel was “preached to the dead” (1 Peter 4:6). As you may notice that I did this study in 1997 and I do not remember the resources that I used. 2 Corinthians 5:3-4). Christ is Judge, and the cause of all is safe with Him, of those who die, not less than of those who survive. But in case they chose to be evil-doers, it was certain that they would suffer. There is no ground for the objection “perhaps the culprits have not heard the Gospel”. If they have been falsely accused notwithstanding their obedience to the Gospel, they will be permitted to live according to God; will live with Him in the spirit or in the spirit world. I’ve been reading your explanation and people’s comments, I said it’s a few who can be so kind to reply. Judged according to men in the flesh. STREAM ... Blue Letter Bible study tools make reading, searching and studying the Bible easy and rewarding. Peter also wants his readers to understand the *gra… As regards the dead Christ descended into Hades to preach there and so was followed by His Apostles. 1 Peter 4:6 speaks of evangelism for redemption of the soul of men. "Peter does not say that the gospel is being preached even to the dead but was preached. Both men and God render a judgment on what Christians doâ¦.â (Hamilton pp. It must, therefore, be a further reason for warning the Christians not to live lives of evil-doing like the contemporaries of Noah or their own heathen contemporaries. The contrast between âfleshâ and âspiritâ is parallel to 3:18 where Christ died in His flesh but was raised to life by the Holy Spirit. Thank you and keep reading the Word of our Savior Jesus. or preposition. I come from Laos and I am planing to have my research about this text 1 Peter 4:6. There is no second chance.  Of which salvation the prophets have enquired and searched diligently, who prophesied of the grace that should come unto you:  Searching what, or what manner of time the Spirit of Christ which was in them did signify, when it testified beforehand the sufferings of Christ, and the glory that should follow. The Bible says that those without Christ are dead while still physically living. Literally, this phrase would read âto dead ones.â They are dead from the viewpoint of the remaining Christians on earth. It is a fairly easy verse to understand like I said above. It must be admitted that the prevalent view fairly meets some of the most pressing requirements of the exegesis, and that it establishes an easy connection with the preceding verse. Peter is saying that those who have been persecuting the Christians out of jealousy because of their godly lifestyle will be judged by God. That verse also proclaims that Christ is God Himself. The parallel between the dead and Christ is exact (see 1 Peter 3:20). That is why. . Therefore, these persons are spiritually dead, dead in sin. Chapter 3 refers to a different thing: it says "spirits in prison". 6. The two first interpret it as signifying the same as dying to sin and living to God, a meaning which the former part of the clause can hardly bear: but the view of Scott is, that the gospel had been preached to those at that time dead, that they might be condemned by carnal men, or in the flesh, as evildoers, but live to God through the Holy Spirit. Are We Living in the Last Days? The material in this letters bears definite resemblance to his messages in the book of Acts. While the word often denotes a condemnation (as in English we say âto sentenceâ)âfor example, in John 16:1-2; 2 Thessalonians 2:12; Revelation 19:2âit seems to have the further notion of a judicial death in 1 Corinthians 11:31-32 : âHad we been in the habit of discerning ourselves, we should not have been subject to these repeated judgments (weakness, sickness, deathâ1 Corinthians 11:30); but now these judgments are a discipline from our Lord, to save us from being condemned with the world.â And that judicial destruction to the flesh is what St. Peter means. They who. Dr Grant I read the verse and reread it but could not see the meaning of Peter, I said I’ll pray first before coming to it again, but I get some clue by embrancing your explanation. 1 Peter 4:6. were apt to disquiet the first converts, kindling as they did with the prospect of Christ’s speedy return,—namely, the perplexity caused by the non-exemption of Christians from death, ‘the wages of sin,’ and the fear that those who died before Christ’s coming should somehow suffer loss. Biblical References: 1Pe 4:8-11. Daily devotional with John Piper. The context makes us feel that St. Peter is not picturing to himself that scene as one of calm forensic investigation, with âopened booksâ or the like. It is expressed by the well-known verb which always means to ‘bring good news,’ to ‘publish the Gospel,’ etc. The word “judged” here, I suppose, therefore, to refer to a sentence passed on them for their religion, consigning them to death for it. a person who has foully sinned in the flesh, âfor annihilation of the flesh, that the spirit may be saved in the day of the Lord Jesus.â That in that place it does not mean a temporal judgment upon the bodily life (such as was passed upon the Antediluvians or the profaners of the Eucharist at Corinth) is clear, from the fact that excommunication was not attended with temporal death. .— , to dead men generally, but probably as distinct from the rebel spirits who were presumably immortal and could only be imprisoned. This interpretation clearly contradicts the revelation of Scripture elsewhere that there is no second chance after death ( Hebrews 9:27). The Greek is simply, For for this end was the gospel preached to the dead also, or, still more literally, to dead men also. 1 Peter 3:18). There is no ground for the objection “perhaps the culprits have not heard the Gospel”. Thus some have now physically died, whereas others are ‘dead in Christ’ (1 Peter 4:1). He shows the same conception of the Judgment, and illustrates it by Noeâs Flood, in 2 Peter 2:5-9; 2 Peter 3:6-7. It was a gospel that Christ preached to them, for without it they would not have come to âlive according to Godâ at all. One view of these passages has been that this verse means that the gospel was preached to people after they died, giving them a âsecond chanceâ to repent and believe the gospel. Not the fact that Christ was now ready for judgment; for although He will certainly not come until the dead as well as the quick are in a position to be judged, yet we should then have expected something more like, âThe reason why the dead were preached to was that the judgment might no longer be put off;â instead of which, the whole point, of the verse is the particular destiny in reserve for those dead, which destiny was the intention and result of Christâs preaching the gospel to them. The simple message of 1 Peter 4:6 is that the Good News was preached to some people when they were alive but by the time Peter wrote they were dead. The dead of verse five âwill give accountâ (future tense). Men are judged based on their response to the gospel (while in the flesh), by both men and God. 1 Peter 4:6. Had they lost out? There is much difference of opinion as to the sense of individual terms in this obscure passage. In chapter 3:19 Peter speaks of a different thing: Jesus going back to proclaim victory before rebellious spirits that rebelled before the flood (Genesis 6:1-2). Because everyone will give account of his life to God ( 1 Peter 4:5), Christians preach the gospel. Biblical References: 1Pe 4:12. For what purpose was the gospel preached? Heaven is their real home. The rules of interpretation that we should keep in mind is that we interpret unclear verses with the clear verses and the minority of texts with the majority of texts. Read 1 Peter through in one sitting. The gospel was not preached to human beings after their physical death. That it does not mean voluntary self-mortification of the flesh in this world seems clear (among other considerations) by comparison of our present passage, for the opportunity for self-mortification in the flesh was long past for the spirits to whom Christ preached. When a person dies, the spirit does not receive salvation nor condemnation (Ecclesiastes 12:7 KJV Interactive Bible study with John Piper. We agree with Alford that dead, here, is, as in 1 Peter 4:5, the physically dead, and not, as Wordsworth, the “dead in sins;” but he is in error in holding its equal comprehension in both verses. according to. We reject the view of Alford and others that the reference is to a preaching of the gospel to men after death, which is nowhere taught in Scripture, and contradicts its whole tenor. John Piper Sep 15, 2016 395 Shares Look at the Book. 1 Peter 4:2 "That he no longer should live the rest of [his] time in the flesh to the lusts of men, but to … for this cause = unto (App-104.) To understand 1 Peter 4:6, it is important to read it in connection with 1 Peter 4:5, and to realize that it is making a very simple statement. It introduces an irrelevant idea, when it introduces the idea of its being a righteous thing that all men should be judged by Christ because, in the other world, if not in this, the Gospel shall first have been preached to all. I agree completely with the commentary shared here. Peterâs use of the present tense and subjunctive mood shows the certainty of this coming to pass. The reason why the Gospel had been preached (before they died) to those who were dead was precisely so that while as human beings it might have been their destiny to be called to account in order to be judged by men, a judgment which might even have ended in martyrdom, they would then like Jesus go on into the afterlife and live according to God in the spirit, being with Him Who had been made alive in spirit, as ‘the spirits of just men made perfect’ (Hebrews 12:23).  Unto whom it was revealed, that not unto themselves, but unto us they did minister the things, which are now reported unto you by them that have preached the gospel unto you with the Holy Ghost sent down from heaven; which things the angels desire to look into. 6For this cause was the gospel preached also to them that are dead, or, He has been evangelized to the dead. Those who try to claim that this passage is simple to understand are simply ignorant of the issues. It is generally agreed, therefore, that the judgment spoken of must mean more than either the mortification of the flesh, or the chastening of God, and that what is referred to is physical death as the penalty of sin, the judgment from which none, not even the saved, are exempt. 2. For Peter is plainly referring only to those within reach of the Gospel, or who might have known God through His ministers in Old and New Testament times. 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